# How to Calculate Interest Expenses on a Payable Bond The Motley Fool

This entry records \$5,000 received for the accrued interest as a debit to Cash and a credit to Bond Interest Payable. Because interest is calculated based on the outstanding loan balance, the amount of interest paid in the first payment is much more than the amount of interest in the final payment. The pie charts below show the amount of the \$1,073.64 payment allocated to interest and loan reduction for the first and final payments, respectively, on the 30-year loan.

• However, there are many types of long-term liabilities, and various types have specific measurement and reporting criteria that may differ between the two sets of accounting standards.
• The premium or discount is to be amortized to interest expense over the life of the bonds.
• This amount must be amortized over the life of bonds, it is the balancing figure between interest expense and interest paid to investors (Please see the example below).
• That is similar to paying more than carrying amount to redeem a bond, and that is a loss.
• Bonds sold at a premiumWhereas the discount on a bond is recorded as additional interest expense, the premium on a bond is recorded as a reduction in interest expense.

Redeeming bonds is not a corporation’s primary line of business, so these transactions are non-operational. As with the sale of fixed assets or investments, it is important to note that any gain or loss when bonds are repaid early is incurred on a transaction that is outside of what occurs in normal business operations. Each yearly income statement would include \$9,544.40 of interest expense (\$4,772.20 X 2). The straight-line approach suffers from the same limitations discussed earlier, and is acceptable only if the results are not materially different from those resulting with the effective-interest technique. The following T-account shows how the balance in Discount on Bonds Payable will be decreasing over the 5-year life of the bond.

## Bonds Issued At Par

Firms state this rate in the bond indenture, print it on the face of each bond, and use it to determine the amount of cash paid each interest period. As the discount is amortized, the discount on bonds payable account’s balance decreases and the carrying value of the bond increases. The amount of discount amortized for the last payment is equal to the balance in the discount https://quick-bookkeeping.net/ on bonds payable account. As with the straight‐line method of amortization, at the maturity of the bonds, the discount account’s balance will be zero and the bond’s carrying value will be the same as its principal amount. See Table 2 for interest expense and carrying values over the life of the bond calculated using the effective interest method of amortization .

The discount amortized for the last payment may be slightly different based on rounding. See Table 1 for interest expense calculated using the straight‐line method of amortization and carrying value calculations over the life of the bond. At maturity, the entry to record the https://business-accounting.net/ principal payment is shown in the General Journal entry that follows Table 1. The primary features of a bond are its coupon rate, face value, and market price. An issuer makes coupon payments to its bondholders as compensation for the money loaned over a fixed period.

## AccountingTools

By doing so, investors earn a greater return on their reduced investment. The net result is a total recognized amount of interest expense over the life of the bond that is greater than the amount of interest actually paid to investors. The amount recognized equates to the market rate of interest on the date when the bonds were sold. The effective interest method of amortizing the discount to interest expense calculates the interest expense using the carrying value of the bonds and the market rate of interest at the time the bonds were issued.

## Why You Can Trust Finance Strategists

Below is a comparison of the amount of interest expense reported under the effective interest rate method and the straight-line method. Note that under the effective interest rate method the interest expense for each year is increasing as the book value of the bond increases. Under the straight-line method the interest expense remains at a constant amount even though the book value of the bond is increasing.

## Journal Entry for Bonds Buyback

This means that as a bond’s book value increases, the amount of interest expense will increase. In our example, the bond discount of \$3,851 results from the corporation receiving only \$96,149 from investors, but having to pay the investors \$100,000 on the date that the bond matures. The discount of \$3,851 is treated as an additional interest expense over the life of the bonds.

Such discounts occur when the interest rate stated on a bond is below the market rate of interest and the investors consequently earn a higher effective interest rate than the stated interest rate. It looks like the issuer will have to pay back \$104,460, but this is not quite true. If the bonds were to be paid off today, the full \$104,460 would have to be paid back. The bondholders have bonds that say the issuer will pay them \$100,000, so that is all that is owed at maturity. The premium will disappear over time and will reduce the amount of interest incurred.

## Is it better to buy a bond at a discount or premium?

Like the Premium on Bonds Payable account, the discount on bonds payable account is a contra liability account and is “married” to the Bonds Payable account on the balance sheet. The Discount will disappear over time as it is amortized, but it will increase the interest expense, which we will see in subsequent journal entries. It is contra because it increases the amount of the Bonds https://kelleysbookkeeping.com/ Payable liability account. The Premium will disappear over time as it is amortized, but it will decrease the interest expense, which we will see in subsequent journal entries. When we issue a bond at a premium, we are selling the bond for more than it is worth. We always record Bond Payable at the amount we have to pay back which is the face value or principal amount of the bond.

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